Description of the Pilot Area
It is located in the South of Italy and borders on Puglia to the north and east, Campania to the west and Calabria to the south having short south-western coastline on the Tyrrhenian Sea and a longer one to the southeast on the Ionian Sea. Basilicata has two provinces: Potenza and Matera. The regional capital is the city of Potenza. It covers 9,992 km² and is one of the most sparsely populated regions of Italy (approximately 587.517 inhabitants)
It is a mountainous region with around 47% of its area covered by mountains, 45% is hilly and finally 8% is made up of plains. The climate is variable and strongly influenced by three coastlines (Adriatic, Ionian and Tyrrhenian) as well as by the complexity of the region’s physical features. Basilicata
The climate is continental in the mountains and Mediterranean along the coasts. Approximately 35% of the total surface is covered with forest vegetation (mainly Oak woods, Beech woods, Mediterranean maquis, Mixed broadleaf and/or coniferous woods, Mediterranean scrubs). Prairies, bushes and cultivated soil cover approximately 45% of the territory. Between 2001 and 2008 in Basilicata region fire affected more than 20.000 ha (forest and non-forest) with 1900 fires generally less than to 10 ha.
Several national and regional parks are located in the Basilicata : the Pollino National Park, the Gallipoli Cognato Regional Park, the Lucanian Dolomites and the Natural History and Archaeological Park of Murgia, close toMatera and listed in the UNESCO site along with the SASSI (form both cultural and natural outstanding recognized heritage).
As a result of the extensive wildfires the affected area is at a great extent vulnerable to post-fire events including floods and erosion.
In particular the Analysis of extreme eventsasoccurred in summer 2017 in the Basilicata Region.